Selendroid is a test automation framework for testing Android native and hybrid applications. Selendroid tests are written using the Selenium Webdriver client API.

Benefits of Selendroid

  • Fully compatible with JSON Wire Protocol/Selenium 3 Ready.
  • No modification of app under test required in order to automate it.
  • Testing the mobile web using built in Android driver webview app.
  • Same concept for automating native or hybrid apps.
  • UI elements can be found by different locator types.
  • Gestures are supported: Advanced User Interactions API.
  • Existing Emulators are started automatically.
  • Selendroid supports hot plugging of hardware devices.
  • Full integration as a node into Selenium Grid for scaling and parallel testing.
  • Multiple Android target API support (10 to 19).
  • Built in Inspector to simplify test case development.
  • Selendroid can be extended at runtime with your own extensions.
  • Selendroid can interact with multiple Android devices (emulators or hardware devices) at the same time.

How to Use Selendroid

Step 1 − The prerequisites to use Robotium is Java SDK (minimum 1.6). If you don’t have Java installed on your system, then follow the steps given below.

  • Download JDK and JRE from Oracle JavaSE
  • Accept license agreement.
  • Install JDK and JRE.
  • Set environment variable as shown in the screenshot below.


Step 2 − Download Android Studio from SDK Android (It will take time because of the size of the file).

  • Double click the exe and run the installer.
  • Continue with all default options.
  • Set the ANDROID_HOME.

Step 3 − Download Selenium jar files and test application from Selendroid

  • Download selenium jar file and test app.
  • Place it into any folder i.e. D:\SelendroidJars.

Step 4 − Physical device with USB cable.

  • Make sure that the device is attached to the workstation with USB cable.
  • Make sure the USB debugging mode (under setttings → Developer options) is enabled.

Test an App with Robotium

To test an App using Robotium, follow the steps given below −

Step 1 − Install Eclipse.

Step 2 − Create a Java project.

Step 3 − Add the downloaded Selendroid jar file to the newly created project.

Step 4 − Add the downloaded Selenium jar files to the newly created project.

Step 5 − Configure testNG in the Eclipse.

Step 6 − Connect the mobile devices with the system using USB cable. Set the USB debugging mode from the developer’s options under settings.

Step 7 − Run the Selendroid server. Open command prompt and write the following code and hit Enter −

java -jar selendroid-standalone-0.17.0-with-dependencies.jar -app selendroid-test-app-0.17.0.apk

Selendroid-standalone will start an http server on port 4444 and will scan all Android virtual devices (avd) that the user has created (~/.android/avd/).

Open the web browser and navigate to: http://localhost:4444/wd/hub/status.

Step 8 − Create a Java Project; add Selendroid Standalone libraries, Selenium jars, and JUnit libraries in the build path.


Step 9 − Create package under the Java project.

Step 10 − Create a class under the package and write the following code.

package selTest;

import io.selendroid.SelendroidDriver; 
import io.selendroid.common.SelendroidCapabilities;
import io.selendroid.standalone.SelendroidConfiguration;
import io.selendroid.standalone.SelendroidLauncher;

import org.openqa.selenium.By; 
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver; 
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement; 

import org.testng.Assert; 
import org.testng.annotations.AfterSuite; 
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeSuite; 
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class SelendroidTest {

   private WebDriver driver ;

   public void setUp() throws Exception {
      SelendroidConfiguration config = new SelendroidConfiguration();
      SelendroidLauncher selendroidServer = new SelendroidLauncher(config);
      SelendroidCapabilities caps = new
      driver = new SelendroidDriver(caps);
   public void selendroidTest() throws Exception {
      WebElement inputField = driver.findElement("my_text_field"));
      Assert.assertEquals("true", inputField.getAttribute("enabled"));
      Assert.assertEquals("Selendroid", inputField.getText());
      WebElement button = driver.findElement("buttonTest"));;
      button = driver.findElement("button2"));;
      button = driver.findElement("startUserRegistration"));;
      WebElement element = driver.findElement("label_username")); 
      String text = element.getText();
      element = driver.findElement("inputUsername"));
      element = driver.findElement("inputEmail"));
      element = driver.findElement("inputPassword"));
      element = driver.findElement("inputName"));
      element.sendKeys("My Name ");
      element = driver.findElement("input_preferedProgrammingLanguage"));;
      element = driver.findElement("text1"));;
      element = driver.findElement("input_adds"));;
      element = driver.findElement("btnRegisterUser"));;
      element = driver.findElement("buttonRegisterUser"));; 
   public void tearDown(){ 

Step 11 − Run the class with testNG run configuration.

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